A: Dr. Harness Answers the Question

In this clip, Jay Harness, MD, FACS explains what the risk factors for developing breast cancer are.

What are the risk factors for breast cancer? Well first of all, we don't know the exact cause of breast cancer other than we know if you are gene-positive, you are approaching 80% chance of developing breast cancer. But what are the other typical risk factors for breast cancer? And there are multiple ones: not ever having children; nulliparous is certainly one of the risk factors. Actually as you age, the older you get; the greater your risk.

The one in eight number from the American Cancer Society for the risk of breast cancer actually comes if you live up to, let's say on to, age 94. Other risk factors are: late birthing — we are not exactly sure why having children later in life is an increased risk factor for breast cancer —, alcohol consumption is rising a little bit more as a risk factor for breast cancer, being obese or overweight is a risk factor for breast cancer, and clearly, having a family history is a risk factor for a breast cancer.

So the list includes now cigarette smoking as a risk factor for breast cancer. Many people have been worried about pesticides. They are worried about other environmental factors. The link there and the risk there are probably not as clear as many of the ones that I have mentioned so far, and particularly, if you have any kind of family history for breast cancer, you want to be sure that you understand risk factors.

People often ask me, "What can I do to lower my risk of developing breast cancer?" The simple answer is: live heart-healthy, don't smoke, minimal alcohol consumption, exercise regularly, try and stay as close as you can to ideal body weight, eating a protein sort of base diet that is more in the better proteins than it is in the negative proteins... things of that sort.

There's no guarantee you won't develop breast cancer but those are the kinds of things that you can do to help prevent breast cancer.

This information should not be relied upon as a substitute for personal medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Use the information provided on this site solely at your own risk.  If you have any concerns about your health, please consult with a physician.


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\f0\fs24 \cf0 >>> DR. JAY K. HARNESS: \f1 The different types of radiation therapy
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depend on the amount of breast area that\'92s been treated, so one type is whole breast
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radiation therapy. A second type is partial breast radiation therapy, and then there are
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times we have to treat the lymph nodes, where the lymph nodes were and up here above the
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collar bone, because these are areas with a high positive count of lymph nodes that
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the cancer could recur. \ \pard\tx2367\pardeftab720\ri720\qj
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\cf0 \ Most of the time, radiation therapy is called
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adjunctive therapy. It\'92s an addition to chemotherapy, surgery, and it adds on to the
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benefit of those other two treatments. Whole breast radiation therapy typically takes six
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weeks. The first five weeks, the whole breast is being treated and then there\'92s a bruise
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to the area where the cancer was. \ \
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Partial breast radiation therapy can be done by putting a device in the breast that gives
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ten treatments over five days, twice a day, or another type of partial breast radiation
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therapy is called \'91intraoperative radiation therapy\'92. The intraoperative radiation
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therapy can be done as a single one-time treatment or it can be done as a boost and then followed
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by the radiation therapy of the breast. \ \
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So remember, these are adjunctive therapies. These are in addition to surgery and possibly
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chemotherapy, and are all designed to help with what\'92s called \'91local regional control
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of the cancer\'92. \ \
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Hi, I am Dr. Jay Harness and I want to share with you important information that I believe
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that every newly diagnosed patient with breast cancer needs to know. \
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\ I am a breast cancer survivor. \
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\ I am a breast cancer survivor. \
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\ I am a breast cancer survivor and I want every
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woman to know about personal life, breast cancer treatment and the genomic test \'96
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a test that helps guide a woman and her doctor to the best treatment options for her. \
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\ Pass it on! }
 
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This information should not be relied upon as a substitute for personalized medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Use the information provided on this site solely at your own risk. If you have any concerns about your health, please consult a physician, or contact us for an appointment.